The Seven Steps to Avoid Heart Disease Also Critical in Diabetes Prevention

The study found that healthy adults who followed at least four of the seven guidelines were 80 percent less likely to develop diabetes over 10 years.

Posted: Jan 20, 2019 11:02 AM

COLUMBUS, Ohio – You probably heard that things like staying active, eating healthy and keeping your blood pressure in check can help your heart. That is well understood.  A new study by researchers at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center finds that following a set of seven lifestyle factors can also drastically reduce your risk of developing diabetes.

“‘Life’s Simple 7’ are guidelines developed by the American Heart Association that are proven to prevent heart disease and some cancers.  "Now our research shows that we can add diabetes to that list,” said Dr. Joshua J. Joseph, assistant professor of endocrinology, diabetes and metabolism at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center and lead author of the study.

Here are the "Life’s Simple 7” lifestyle changes that have produced healthy results for test subjects

1. Maintaining healthy blood pressure

2. Maintaining healthy glucose levels

3. Maintaining healthy cholesterol levels

4. Eating a healthy diet

5. Exercising at least 150 minutes a week

6. Not smoking

7. Maintaining a healthy weight

The study found that healthy adults who followed at least four of the seven guidelines were 80 percent less likely to develop diabetes over 10 years. However, starting these habits early is crucial to prevention.

“For those who were already diabetic or prediabetic when they adopted these lifestyle changes, they had no change in their risk of diabetes,” said Joseph. “That’s why it’s important to make these changes before health issues develop.”

Joseph says community outreach is essential to educating people about prevention and helping them start healthy habits. Getting help to quit smoking or finding physical activities and healthy foods that you enjoy can be key to maintaining them long-term and preventing future health problems.

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