Generally, symptoms begin with a fever, cough, runny nose and red, watery eyes. These symptoms are often followed by a rash that commonly appears on the face, along with the hairline or behind the ears. Individuals are contagious from four days before the rash starts to four days after the rash appears.
Complications of measles can include diarrhea, ear infections and pneumonia. Severe complications can be fatal. Infants, pregnant women and people with weakened immune systems are at greater risk for complications.
Prevent the spread of measles
The best protection against measles is the MMR vaccine. Two doses of the vaccine are recommended for immunity to measles. The first dose of MMR is given at 12 to 15 months of age. The second dose is usually given at four to six years of age. Anyone traveling internationally should ensure they have received a full measles vaccination.
Two doses of the vaccine are approximately 97 percent effective at preventing measles. MMR can be obtained through your regular medical provider or local clinic.
If you don’t think you’ve had an MMR vaccine or MMRV vaccine (measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella/chickenpox), contact your healthcare provider for immunizations or blood tests.
If you think you’ve been exposed to measles, call your healthcare provider for advice.
If you think you have symptoms of measles or have been e