The future of NAFTA was already gloomy. And it just got darker.
The United States, Canada and Mexico return to the negotiating table Tuesday for talks on rewriting the three-nation trade agreement, one day after President Trump applied tariffs that will hurt Mexico, among other countries.
Then, on Monday, the Trump administration announced a tariff of 30% on imported solar panels and up to 50% on imported washing machines.
Mexico is one of the biggest exporters of washing machines to the United States. Its economy ministry vowed to use "all legal resources available in response to the U.S. decision."
The three countries are meeting in Montreal for their sixth round of NAFTA talks. They've made no progress on divisive issues, and the Trump administration's major proposals, particularly one on auto manufacturing, are unacceptable to Canada and Mexico.
Trump has repeatedly threatened to withdraw the United States from the trade agreement if he can't get a better deal for U.S. workers.
The Trump administration used something called safeguard tariffs on Monday, meant to provide breathing room to American companies struggling to compete with foreign competitors. The tariffs on washers and solar panels last three years and taper down.
In the past, the United States has exempted some of its most important trading partners from safeguard tariffs. But it did not exempt Mexico on Monday, even though the independent U.S. International Trade Commission noted that Mexican washing machines pose no threat to U.S. producers.
The tariffs on washing machines and solar panels will hurt Mexico, China and South Korea the most.
Mexico shipped $240 million worth of washers to the United States in 2016, according to the ITC. Mexico also exported $1.1 billion in solar panels to the United States, according to its own economy ministry.
Round 6 of the NAFTA talks concludes next Monday.
- The NAFTA talks just got even harder
- Tesla reaction; NAFTA talks; Didi in trouble
- Stocks start from record highs; Watching Wynn; NAFTA talks
- NAFTA talks: Canada voices optimism as it rejoins negotiations
- Why Canada's dairy market is a target in NAFTA talks
- Ford CEO: NAFTA needs "modernization"
- Harder schools won't stop the violence
- Clapper: 'Harder and harder to believe' Trump didn't know about campaign contacts with Russians
- A year later, NAFTA is still alive
- Trump's new tariffs may blow up NAFTA